Monday, May 11, 2009

Facts of Gurjars

Meaning Of Gurjar
Many historians tried to explain the meaning of word Gurjar with there view & logics, they are as follows.

1. Few people estimated that the word Gujar has formed from the word Gauchar (means the person who grazes cow).

However, this is completely wrong because the word Gujar has deformed from the word Gurjar not Gauchar. In addition, the word Gurjar has used in the several pillar inscriptions, not Gujar or Gujjar. The word Gurjar could not be form by any means with the word Gauchar. Actually, Gujar is the name given by Arabs, to the Gurjar community.

2. There is another view is that, word Gujar is derived from Khazar, who inhabited around the Caspian Sea and migrated towards northwest South Asia, which is called Bahr-e-Khizar it was named Khizar, Guzar, Gurjar, Gurjara or Gujjar. This could not be possible because Gurjar are present in India much before the presence of Khazars. Ambiguity in this matter is clarified in "History of Central Asia" by Pandit Rahul Sankrtiayan.

3. In 10 century, Kannada poet named “Pump” mention Gurjeshwar Mahipal as Roaring Gurjar. Thus few scholars estimated the meaning of Gurjar as Roaring Khsatria.

4. The Sanskrit Dictionary ‘Kalpdrum’ say that Gur-Jar means “- one who use to defend the country by continuously defeating the enemy” (Gur = Enemy & Jar = Destroyer).

5. The most acepttable view is given by Pandit Chotalal Sharma and M. R. A. Phulera in the book Khsatriya Vansh Pardeepika, is that the word Gurjar is derived from Gurutar.

It has explained that Guruttar has deformed into Gurujan, and Gurujan has changed to Gurjar with time. Also explained that word Guruttar has used for Maharaja Dashrath in Ramayana of Valmiki. Moreover, same thing has stated on the various pillar inscriptions of Kushans and Gurjaratra kingdom. Most of the gotra of Gurjars belongs to Suryavansh.

Origin Of Gurjars
The fictitious myth about Gurjars is that they are foreigner. Many historians say that Gurjar come to India along with Huns in the 5th century and with the help of Brahmins, they prove themselves as khsatriya.

Britishers and 19th century historians firstly wrote Indian history in a systematic manner, they tried to prove that the Gurjars migrated from central Asia in the 5th century. Following there words Indian historian also writes that, Gurjar were invaders from Central Asia. They also state that not only Gurjar but also complete Aryan race is immigrated to India.

On the other hand, how our historians has forgotten that, complete central Asia and subcontinent belongs to Indian boundaries in history. Caspian Sea is on the name of Aryan king Kashyap, Mansarovar now in China is on the name of Suryavansi King Mannu. Modern research have proved that home of Aryans was India, Pakistan, Afghanistan, Iran, black sea in the west, and great wall of China in the East, covering the whole central Asia.

The believer of the myth, that Gurjars are foreigners, like Sir James Campbell, General Crook, Colonel Todd, Mr. forbs, Dr. Bhagwan Lal Inder Ji and all other have agree that present Kasana gotra of Gurjars are successors of great Kushans.

Not only Kushans but there were also great kings in the present Indian history before 5th century. In the book (Bhartiya kala avom sanskriti ka itihas) Dr. Bhagwat Sharan Upadhyaya agrees that at 150 B.C. Gurjars were in Kabul and Punjab. General Kernighan has stated the same in 100 B.C. Even in Brahmi Script, it has stated that Gurjars ruled the western India.

If Gurjar were foreigner then, how they assumed as khsatriya, as it has stated on the various pillars inscription of the different Gurjar kingdoms that, they are the successors of great Ragukulvanshi and Suryavanshi. In the ancient history’s Maha Kavi BalShekar’s “Balbahrat prachand pandav granth” and Great Mihir Bhoj Partihar’s “Sagar Taal Prashti”, it has mentioned that Gurjars are Suryavanshi and they are the successors of great Raghukul (successors of Ikshvaku, Prthu, Harischandra, Ragu, and Dasrath). In Markandai Puran and Panchtantra, there is a reference of the Gurjar tribe. Moreover, the word Gurutar (Gurjar) has mentioned in the epic Ramayana for Maharaja Dasrath.

Places After Gurjars
There are almost 1200 places in the sub-continent named after the Gurjar tribe, most popular of them are:

■Ambala – District In Haryana Named After Ambavta Gurjar.
■Ambarsar – City In Punjab Named After Ambavta Gurjar.
■Bhatinda – City In Punjab Named After Bhati Gurjars.
■Bhopal – Capital Of State M.P. Named After King Bhojpal Parmar Of Malwa.
■Chechiyan – Place In Kashmir Named After Chechi Gurjar.
■Delhi – Founded By Tawar Gurjars (Originally Dhillika).
■Gujarat – State Of India, Named After Solanki Gurjar(Gujratra).
■Ludhiana – City In Punjab Named After Lohday Gurjar.


■Bajorr Agency - Tribal Area In N.W.F.P.
■Gujar Nullah – River In N.W.F.P.
■Gojjra – City Of Tehsil Samundri Distt. Faisalabad.
■Gujarat – City In Punjab.
■Gujarghari – Town In N.W.F.P.
■Gujarkhan – Sub Tehsil Of Punjab.
■Gujranwala – City In Punjab.
■Kala Gujjaran – Town In Punjab, District Jhelum.
■Khariyaan - City In Punjab Named After Khari Gurjars.
■Lahore – Named After Lohar Gurjar.
■Lohdran – Distt. Of Punjab.
■Quila GurjarSingh – Fort In Lahore After The Name Of Gurjar Singh Bangdi.
■Rawal Dam - Dam In Rawalpindi.
■Rawalpindi – Named After Rawal Gurjars.


■Gujran – District In Afghanistan
■Gurjani – Village In Kabul


Rest of Asia
■Chechnya – Country named After Chechi Gurjar
■Georgia – Country Near Caspian Sea, Also Know As Gruzia In Russian and Gurjistan in Persian, Turkish.
■Gujareti – Valley In Georgia.
■Gujarula – River In Georgia.

Gurjar Culture
Gurjar or Gujar tribe occupies the vast land in India, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Central Asia. Gujarat (India), Gujraghar (Near Gwalior), Gujranwala (Pakistan), Gujarat (Pakistan), Gujani (Gajni), Gujarkhasi (Kashmir), Gujistan (Afghanistan), Gurzia (Georgia) etc. like these, many of places and cities are named belonging to this caste and gives a glimpse to its ancient kingdoms.

Gurjars occupies the vast lands of India, Pakistan and Afghanistan. There are almost 140 million Gurjars in all over India and 33 million Gurjar population in Pakistan. Gurjars saved Kashmir during first invasion of Pakistan when Pakistan annexed the area, called Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK).

Gurjar Legends
The Gurjar is a great race of the world. Gurjars had been ruling the India since historical times, there some families were called Rajputs in medieval period. Rajput, Maratha, Jat and Ahir are heirs of the Khsatriyas. They are not foreigners. there is no community being called Khsatriya except us all. How that Khsatriyan race can be eliminated in which Ram and Krishna were born. All of us Rajput, Maratha, Jat and Ahirs are the stars whereas Gurjar is the Moon in the Khsatriyan sky. It is beyond human power to lessen the dignity of the Gurjars.. (Words By - Thakur Yashpal Singh Rajput)

Insight Stories
Different kinds of songs were called after the Gurjar name, such as Gurjar Raag, Gurjar Malhar, Gurjari Bherveen etc. which are remembered to this day by the same names. The ornaments also bear the Gurjar name. In ancient times the Gurjars put on jeweled garland of a beautiful design, which is still called Gurjar Haar. Similarly a bracelet of the ladies is known as Gurjari, to which a reference is also found in an ancient Sanskrit poem of the poetess Padamawati which has been quoted by Veni Datta in his book Padya Veni and its one stanza is....

Bhatah Kangat Gurjari Su-Lalitay Bahu Latay Manmtay.-- It shows that the heartiest desire of a lady is to adorn her arm with Gurjari bracelet.

We conclude that Gurjar was a title which was adopted by a group of most chivalrous cultured and civilized families of ancient Khsatriyas who became united under this name as a community or a race and the presents Gurjars are their descendents.